Abstract Detail



Systematics

Xue, Bine [1], Tan, Yunhong [2], Thomas, Daniel [3], Chaowasku, Tanawat [4], Hou, Xue-liang [5], Saunders, Richard [6].

A new Annonaceae genus, Wuodendron, provides support for a post-boreotropical origin of the Asian-Neotropical disjunction in the tribe Miliuseae.

The genus Polyalthia Blume has historically been the source of considerable taxonomic confusion in Annonaceae due to its highly polyphyletic status. In recent years, molecular phylogenetic studies have accelerated the segregation of the disparate elements and have therefore largely resolved this taxonomic impediment. Several names in Polyalthia nevertheless remain unresolved, awaiting assignment to specific genera, including Polyalthia litseifolia C.Y.Wu ex P.T.Li from China. Phylogenetic analyses of seven chloroplast regions (atpB-rbcL, matK, ndhF, psbA-trnH, rbcL, trnL-F and ycf1; ca. 8.3 kb, 116 accessions, including representatives of all currently accepted genera in subfamily Malmeoideae) unambiguously placed Polyalthia litseifolia in a clade with three accessions from Thailand, which have previously been shown to represent an undescribed genus sister to the Neotropical clade (Desmopsis, Sapranthus, Stenanona, and Tridimeris) in the predominantly Asian tribe Miliuseae. The collective clade is sister to Meiogyne. Polyalthia litseifolia shares several diagnostic characters with most species in the Neotropical genera and Meiogyne, including: petals that are similar in shape and size in both whorls; multiple ovules per ovary in one or two rows; and lamelliform endosperm ruminations. It is distinct in being deciduous, bearing subpetiolar buds and having inflorescences growing from the leaf scar of the dropped leaves. Morphological comparisons and phylogenetic analyses corroborate its recognition as a new genus, which is formally described and illustrated here as Wuodendron. Polyalthia litseifolia is furthermore found to be conspecific with the enigmatic Indian species Desmos praecox, and the latter name is used as the basis for the name of the type species. Wuodendron praecox was further found to be widely distributed in Asia, including China, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. Molecular divergence time estimates under an uncorrelated lognormal relaxed clock place the Wuodendron-Neotropical clade split within the Miocene (ca. 14–12 Ma), highlighting the importance of post-boreotropical dispersal and vicariance in shaping intercontinental tropical disjunctions in Annonaceae. 


1 - South China Botanical Garden, Key Laboratory of Plant Resources Conservation and Sustainable Utilization, 723 Xingke Rd, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510650, China
2 - Southeast Asia Biodiversity Research Institute
3 - Singapore Botanic Gardens
4 - Chiang Mai University
5 - Xiamen University
6 - The University of Hong Kong

Keywords:
Annonaceae
new genus
intercontinental disjunction
deciduous
Polyalthia litseifolia
Desmos praecox.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Number:
Abstract ID:426
Candidate for Awards:George R. Cooley Award


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