Abstract Detail



Physiology

Adetunji, Ademola Emmanuel [1], Naidoo, Sershen [2], Varghese, Boby [3], Pammenter, Norman W. [4].

Effects of Inorganic Salt Solutions on Vigour, Viability, Oxidative Metabolism and Germination Enzymes in Aged Cabbage and Lettuce Seeds.

This study assessed the potential of pre-hydration treatment with aqueous solutions (electrolysed [cathodic water; CW] and non-electrolysed) prepared from four different inorganic ion combinations: 1 mM CaCl2, 1 µm CaCl2 and 1 mM MgCl2 (CaMg, hereafter), 1 mM MgCl2 and 1 mM NaCl to invigorate controlled deteriorated (CDd) Brassica oleracea L. (cabbage) and Lactuca sativa L. (lettuce) seeds by assessing germination, vigour and biochemical markers (electrolyte leakage, lipid peroxidation products, protein carbonylation, and defence and germination associated enzymes) of oxidative stress. Additionally, the possible effects of pH of electrolysed CaMg and NaCl solutions were assessed. The inorganic salt solutions were applied to fresh seeds and seeds deteriorated to 75% viability (P75), 50% viability (P50) and 25% viability (P25); deionised water served as control. The pre-hydration treatment did not enhance normal seedling production in cabbage. However, Ca-containing and CW hydration treatments (CaCl2 CW, CaMg and CaMg CW [6.5], MgCl2 CW, NaCl CW and NaCl CW [6.5]) promoted normal seedling production of CDd lettuce seeds, while seedling vigour was enhanced by CaMg, CaMg CW (6.5), NaCl CW and NaCl CW (6.5) in CDd cabbage seeds, and CaCl2, CaCl2 CW, CaMg, CaMg CW (6.5), MgCl2 CW, NaCl CW and NaCl CW (6.5) in CDd lettuce seeds. The supplementation of Ca, a component of the ionised solutes, and/or the reducing potential of CW contributed to increased normal seedling production in lettuce seeds irrespective of the pH of treatment solutions or degree of deterioration. Overall, the pre-hydration treatments enhanced endogenous antioxidants leading to reduced levels of electrolyte leakage, lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, and enhanced germination enzyme activities in lettuce seeds. The study concluded that pre-hydration with selected inorganic salt solutions can invigorate debilitated lettuce seeds.


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1 - University of Cape Town, Molecular and Cell Biology, Rondebosch, Cape Town, Wester Cape, 7700, South Africa
2 - Institute of Natural Resources, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg, Kwazulu-Natal, 3209, South Africa
3 - University of KwaZulu-Natal - Westville Campus, College of Agriculture, Engineering and Science, Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, 4001, South Africa
4 - University of KwaZulu-Natal - Westville Campus, School of Life Sciences, Durban, KwaZulu_Natal, 4001, South Africa

Keywords:
Controlled deterioration
Lipid peroxidation
Electrolysed and non-electrolysed inorganic ions
Germination
Vigour.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Session: PHYS1, Physiology
Location: Fireweed/Hilton
Date: Monday, July 25th, 2022
Time: 3:30 PM(EDT)
Live or Virtual Live
Number: PHYS1001
Abstract ID:28
Candidate for Awards:Physiological Section Best Paper Presentation


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