Abstract Detail



Ethnobotany

Onuminya, Temitope [1], Ifelaja, Folakemi [1].

The Nutritional and Medicinal Value of Synsepalum dulcificum (Schumach. and Thonn.) Daniell for treating Diabetes mellitus in Nigeria.

Synsepalum dulcificum is an excellent natural sweetener used as alernative source of sugar in nigeria. In this study, the nutritional and medicinal value of S. dulcificum for treating Diabetes mellitus was assesed. The leaves, stem and root of S. dulcificum were collected, rinsed, dried and pulverized for this study. Phytochemical screening of the various plant plants showed the presence of flavonoids, saponins, terpenoids, tannins, phenols, steroids, cardiac glycosides and alkaloids. Proximate analysis showed high proportion of carbohydrate, lipid and protein in the leaves while the fibre and moisture content were higher in the stem. The hypoglycemic effects of the stem and leaf extracts on the blood glucose level of alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats were determined and compared with the standard drug, glibenclamide. Blood glucose levels were analyzed after induction and at the end of the experiment. Results revealed that the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the leaves as well the ethanolic extracts of the stem (400mg/dL and 200mg/dL) showed the same significant lowering effects on the blood glucose levels but the animals treated with low dose (100 mg/dL) did not survive. This reduction in blood glucose levels was a result of the presence of flavonoids and saponins in the extracts. Hence, S. dulcificum may be used as a potential herbal form of treatment of Diabetes mellitus.


1 - University of Lagos, Department of Botany, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos, 23401, Nigeria

Keywords:
Diabetes
Hypoglycemia
Medicinal plants
Synsepalum dulcificum.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper
Number: 0001
Abstract ID:97
Candidate for Awards:Economic Botany Section best student paper


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